Moroccan Sahara went under Spanish occupation.
Conclusion of the Moroccan-British treaty : “no power can lay claims to the lands that are between Oued Draâ and Cap Boujdour, because those lands belong to the territory of Morocco”.
Franco-German Agreement stipulating that the Moroccan territories extend to Cape Boujdour, including Sakia El Hamra.
Morocco under foreign protectorate (France in the center, Spain in the North, the southern zone, including the Sahara, and the international zone of Tangier entrusted to a Council of 12 foreign powers).
Morocco got back the Center and North zones, as well as the Zone of Tangier, which also remained under Moroccan sovereignty.
Morocco claims the recovery of its southern provinces a few days after joining the UN.
Franco-Spanish coalition launched the Ecouvillon Operation against Moroccan National Liberation Army.
APRIL 1, 1958
Cintra Agreement announcing the liberation of Tarfaya.
JANUARY 10, 1958
Spanish decree stipulating that the Moroccan Sahara is no more administered as part of West Africa but as a province of Spain.
FEBRUARY 25, 1958
The late HM King Mohammed V affirmed in his historic speech in M'Hamid El Ghizlane that Morocco will continue its action to recover its Sahara.
At the request of Morocco, the Sahara issue is included in the agenda of the Special Committee of Decolonization at the United Nations.
DECEMBER 16, 1965
UN General Assembly Resolution 2072 requesting Spain, as the administering power, "to take immediate action... and initiate negotiations for the liberation of the territories of Ifni and Western Sahara from colonial domination".
Fez Treaty declares the return of Sidi Ifni to the Motherland.
DECEMBER 13, 1974
UN General Assembly Resolution 3292 requesting an advisory opinion from the International Court of Justice in The Hague on the Sahara.
NOVEMBER 6, 1975
Organisation of the Green March.
DECEMBER 10, 1975
General Assembly takes note of the provisions of the Madrid Agreement (resolution 3458/B).
NOVEMBER 14, 1975
Signature of Madrid Agreements between Morocco, Spain and Mauritania.
OCTOBER 16, 1975
ICJ Advisory Opinion on the Sahara: The Sahara (Rio de Oro and Sakia El Hamra) was not, at the time of colonization by Spain, nobody’s land (Terra Nullius). There were ties of allegiance between the Sultan of Morocco and the tribes of the Sahara.
OCTOBER 22, 1975
UN Security Council Resolution 377 recalling the parties to a peaceful settlement of the dispute.
AUGUST 14, 1979
Recuperation of the Province of Oued Eddahab.
Withdrawal of Morocco from the OAU.
HM King Hassan II visits the Sahara and prays in Tah to thank God for the liberation of the Sahara.
UN Security Council resolution 690 decides to constitute, under its authority, a United Nations Mission for the Organization of a Referendum in the Sahara (MINURSO) whose mandate includes monitoring the cease-fire and organizing the referendum.
SEPTEMBER 6, 1991
Proclamation of the cease-fire.
NOVEMBER 2, 2001
HM The King Mohammed VI's visit to the southern provinces where he launches several socio-economic projects.
HM the King Mohammed VI's visit to Dakhla.
MARCH 20, 2006
His Majesty the King’s visit to the southern provinces.
MARCH 25, 2006
Setting up of the CORCAS.
APRIL 11, 2007
The Permanent Representative of Morocco to the UN submitted a letter on the " Moroccan Initiative for the negotiation of an autonomy status for the Sahara region ".
NOVEMBER 25, 2010
The European Parliament adopts a resolution on the Sahara in which it "condemns the violent incidents" that occurred during the dismantling of the Gdim Izik camp and in the city of Laayoune.
APRIL 30, 2010
The Security Council adopted resolution 1920 in which it welcomed the new serious and credible efforts made by Morocco and emphasizes the primacy of the Moroccan autonomy initiative, calling on the parties to enter into a phase of intense and substantial negotiations on the basis of realism and compromise.
JANUARY 7, 2011
Resumption of the programs of visits exchange by air within the context of the confidence program measures.
HM King Mohammed VI delivered a speech in Laayoune on the 40th anniversary of the Green March.
JANUARY 31, 2017
Morocco returns to AU.
Decision N° 693, adopted at the 31st AU Summit puts the issue of the Moroccan Sahara within the framework of the UN alone.
DECEMBER 18, 2019
Opening of foreign Consulates general in the southern provinces.
Royal Armed Forces secures the Guerguarate crossing.
DECEMBER 10, 2020
United States recognizes Moroccan sovereignty over the entire Western Sahara territory.
MARCH 18, 2022
In a message addressed to HM King Mohammed VI, The President of the Spanish Government Pedro Sánchez, emphasized that Spain considers the Moroccan autonomy initiative, presented in 2007, as "the most serious, realistic and credible basis for the resolution of the Sahara dispute."